You need to adapt your place to protect people and assets from future damages and to continue your life and business even under changed circumstances. There are many ways to do it. measures could be done conventional by technical protection measures or by nature-based solutions that avoid or reduce the impact. The latter one comprises in particular the use of the ecosystem services of parks, gardens, trees, green walls and roofs to reduce heat and water discharge. Soft measures work via building codes, emergency plans, information or behaviour changes.
Often adaptation is perceived as an additional burden for already tight municipal budgets. Also efforts are pushed to the future as it isn't perceived as an urgent problem. But each delay makes adaptation more expansive if feasible in the future at all. Thereby, the need to adapt can be used to develop not just climate-resilient cities but much better designed and functioning cities that thrive and provide a high quality of life. Cities who actively use that in Europe are Copenhagen, Rotterdam, Bilbao, Bologna among others.